The role of postural control in physical activity

Authors: Małgorzata Matyja, Joanna Dzierżęga

Published online: 17 February 2017

Background: Postural control concerns control of body position in space in two aspects:
1. stability that is understood as ability to maintain projection of center of gravity on support surface.
2. orientation understood as proper relation of individual body segments towards each other and towards surrounding.
In pediatric physiotherapy different term is used that constitute synonym of postural control – it is postural reflex mechanism of which the most important factor is postural tone.
Aim of study: To determine relation between postural control and moderate physical activity in children ?

Material/Methods: Method used in the study encompasses physiotherapeutic assessment of postural control before and after two weeks period of moderate physical activity. It included multi-sport activities (with prevalence of activities with use of water equipment), that stimulate postural control. 23 children (11 girls and 12 boys) aged 7-16 were examined. Their postural control was assessed with use of two parameters: size of postural tone (Postural Tone Coefficient) and body stabilization (Body Stabilization Test). Obtained results were processed statistically.

Results: After two weeks of moderate physical activity, parameters that concern postural control were improved. In the statistical analyze improvement appears to be statistically significant on the level of p < 0,05.

Conclusions: Moderate physical activity influences postural control improvement.